Top 6 Easiest and Top 6 Hardest Programming Languages to Learn in 2022

What’s the easiest programming language to learn in 2022? What about the hardest programming language?


There are currently over 500 programming languages in existence. Most of these languages overlap, and many are not intended to be used in development.

Asking a programmer about the language most accessible to them is like asking someone about their favorite ice cream. Everyone has a preference, and there is no real right answer. 

As the developer and educator Marek Zaluski once suggested, programming languages are made by programmers for programmers. It seems like a secret only the chosen one knows. So, for those who are new to the field of software engineering, the threshold may seem high.

On the other hand, you cannot become a good software engineer unless you master a general programming language. In this article, we will identify and compare the simplest and highest-level programming languages. You will also see new programming languages, open-source programming languages, and which languages are in high demand.

Easy programming languages



The Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the language used to code most web pages. Use tags and elements to define how text, images, and interactive forms appear. HTML is often supported by CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) that define sophisticated styles, and JavaScript for scripting programs. It is easy to use, so it is an ideal language for first-time coders.

This language is one of the simplest because it is easy to use for new coders. The open/close tag is easy to read and simple, so it's easy to learn, and you can find and fix bugs without hassle.

  • It has a simple structure using an opening and closing tag that is easy for people to read
  • Use the WYSIWYG editor to see code changes in split view
  • You can easily find and fix bugs

2. JavaScript

The 3 languages that make up the internet are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Along with HTML and CSS, JavaScript supports the Internet. JavaScript plays a critical role in front-end development. Libraries such as React and jQuery and frameworks such as Angular can solve the most complex web problems. You can also use Node.js to cover server-side code.

  • It is a beginner-friendly programming language that allows you to see JavaScript's behavior without using a compiler and see the results immediately.
  • It is a beginner-friendly language created for non-programmers. ideal as the first programming language
  • Most browsers are popular enough to be the default environment
  • Without using a compiler, you can see how JavaScript works and see the results right away.
  • JavaScript has a large community that can help new coders.

3. Python

Python, the successor to the ABC language, is a high-level general-purpose programming language. Python is a favorite among web developers, data scientists, ML/AI experts, and embedded application developers.

Python is one of the most popular programming languages ​​today. According to a 2020 Stack Overflow survey, Python is the fourth most popular language among developers. Python seems to be on the rise while the use of other languages ​​is declining.

It is a language that focuses on the readability of the code, and it is easy to learn because there are multiple libraries for various purposes.

  • They are particular about the legibility of the code and often use English words
  • Known for their extensive use of blank spaces, and lack of intimidation
  • have libraries for various applications
  • Supported by a huge community of programmers, they will answer all your questions.

4. C

The C language is considered an intermediate programming language. Developed by Dennis Ritchie in the 1970s, it has since emerged as an indisputable matrix of all languages. This language was developed to redesign the UX operating system and make it available to more systems.

C language is a general-purpose language that many programmers learn before transitioning to a more complex language. Some of the most popular applications today are written in C, from Unix and Windows to Tic Tac Toe and Photoshop.

  • A simple syntax with only 32 keywords
  • Data structures are easy to understand

5. Java

Java is one of the most preferred languages for enterprise development because of its stability and simplicity. It is mainly used for application and web development.

In addition to simple variables and functions, Java also has complex concepts such as inheritance and polymorphism, which give a somewhat sophisticated impression.

The reason is that it is easy to learn.

  • It is a simple, beginner-friendly, and intuitive syntax.
  • It is a structured language with little room for departure.
  • With object-oriented experience, it's even easier.

6. GO

The Go language (aka Golang) developed by Google is one of the most intuitive languages and is considered easier to use and simpler than Python. Consistent library design, simple package management, and cross-platform-enabled toolboxes are the main reasons why Golang is widely adopted and popular among software professionals.

The Goroutines, a lightweight thread managed by the Go runtime, has a segmented and growing stack. That is, use more memory only when needed. Golang libraries such as netconf and ssh can be plugged into other libraries to improve performance over the network. In addition, the Golang compilation is fairly fast.

  • It is a simple, beginner-friendly, and intuitive syntax.
  • It is a structured language with little room for departure.

Hard programming languages


1. C++

C++ is an extended version of C and easy to learn, but it is a general-purpose programming language. It is said that the Google Chromium browser, some applications of Microsoft, and even the financial modeling of Morgan Stanley are done in C++.

The difficulty is,

  • The syntax is complicated for versatility.

  • What is technically possible, even if not logically correct, is a generous language that can do anything.
  • It is best to learn from someone who has a foundation in C.

2. Prolog

Prolog is one of the first logical languages and is now used in artificial intelligence applications and natural language processing. Developed in 1972, it is an attractive programming language if you are interested in dealing with the natural language processing (NLP) aspects of artificial intelligence.

Prolog is very useful for creating conversational bots. The first chatbot ever created, ELIZA, was developed at Prolog.

Prolog is a difficult language to learn.

  • Unlike other programming languages, the data structure is unconventional.
  • Compiler performance is poor
  • The programmer is forced to think logically.
  • Online resources and Prolog code cannot be applied without thinking.


LISP stands for List Processing. It is the second oldest programming language after Fortran. It was created by John McCarthy, one of the founders of today's artificial intelligence.

Lisp, called the "programmable programming language", reflects the greatest advantage over other programming languages.

"Lisp is a language that allows you to do what is said to be impossible" - Kent Pitman

LISP has been built as a practical mathematical notation for programs and has consistently been chosen by AI developers. Rapid prototyping, dynamic object creation, garbage collection, and extreme flexibility make it one of the best programming languages for AI/ML.

The difficulty is,

  • It is a fragmented language with sectoral solutions.
  • The syntax of LISP is often used in parentheses when not used.

4. Haskell

Haskell is a lambda-based, multiphasic, static, and purely functional language. Named after the mathematician Haskell B Curry, it is used mainly in research, industrial applications, and education.

The reason for the difficulty is

  • It follows a 100% functional paradigm, unlike many modern languages that accept command-based commands.
  • It is difficult to understand the nuances of Haskell compilation and error fixes.
  • They have a lot of technical terms and are difficult for beginners to get along with.

5. Marborge

Malbolge, named after the 8th category of Dante's Hell Edition, is an example of Esolang. It took two years for the first Malbolge program to be written. Other languages in this category include INTERCAL and Cow, which may only be mentioned as a challenge.

The difficulty is,

  • use an obscure notation
  • Since fewer programmers take time to learn, learning resources are small.
  • It is a self-correcting language, and movements are unstable.

6. Assembly Language (ASM)

Assembly language is a comprehensive term for low-level code that represents the native machine language code of any microprocessor. Other languages in this list are syntactically close to English, and the code must be compiled into machine language instructions through bytecode.

The code here is assembled, so it has this name. Code written in C or Python can be understood by simply reading it. In the assembly language, this is difficult unless you know the entire code to know the context. Each basic operation, such as putting data in and out of memory registers, is a complete statement.

But there is a reason for this difficulty. Assembly languages are especially powerful when performance is of paramount importance. This allows for low-level system programming. It can also be combined with other high-level programming languages to develop hardware and program systems.

Frequent Asked Questions

  1. Which programming language should I learn?

There is a lot of information about programming languages that can get confused and leave you with no idea. But don't panic.

Read the list in the article. You probably know one or two of these languages (if you're not a new employee). In that case, we should focus on understanding the language more deeply and understanding its specific nuances. You can also build real-time projects. This is very useful during interviews.

When it comes to learning a new language, consider your career goals and preferences. Use the examples in this article to determine if the language is useful to you.

2. If you are new to software development, which language should you start with?

But keep in mind that it takes a lot of dedication and time. If you don't have time but want to start learning how to develop applications or programs, you might want to start with a language like Python. Again, pay attention to what kind of job you want to do and what skills you need to do so.

3. How important is learning a programming language to break through technical interviews?

It's just as important. Technical interviews require you to write code and solve problems, but in most cases, you will be required to do so in the programming language of your choice.

Therefore, in order to break through technical interviews with companies like FAANG, it is the right strategy to master 2-3 programming languages.

What’s the best programming language to learn?

The Internet and social community provided access to resources to learn what we wanted, including the most difficult programming languages in the world. But choosing to learn something simple is like picking a fruit hanging from the lowest point. The degree of achievement does not automatically imply a reward.

If you are learning a programming language, start with its usefulness. If you want to build a career in software development, web development, mobile app development, or even game development, you can start with HTML. For big data and data science, Python may be the best choice. However, the most popular C languages, Java and Python, are easy to learn languages.

Are you ready to move to software engineering?

Springboard offers a comprehensive software engineering boot camp. You will learn the key aspects of front-end web development, back-end web development, databases, data structures, and algorithms with a one-on-one mentor. The module includes learning resources, practice questions, projects, and career-related coursework.

Check Springboard's software engineering career track to see if you are eligible.

Are you still not ready to participate in the software engineering boot camp?

Springboard also offers a Software Engineering Preparation Course, where you can learn the basic web development skills (HTML, CSS, JavaScript) needed to pass the Technical Skills Survey of Software Engineering Career Track.

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